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Iranian Water Researches Journal
Studying the Effect of Trapezoidal Channel Side Slope on the Bed Shear Stress and Hydraulic Jump Characteristics Using Flow3D Model

 submission: 06/04/2018 | acception: 23/01/2019 | publication: 04/12/2019


Hooman Hajikandi1*, Saber Ebrahimiyan2, Mahmood Shafai Bajestan3, Saeed Jamali4

1-Central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University،H_hajikandi@iauctb.ac.ir

2-Central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University،saber.ebrahimiyan@gmail.com

3-Chamran University،m_shafai@yahoo.com

4-Central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University،Saeed.jamali@gmail.com



One of the most important issues to be considered in trapezoidal channels is the effect of side slope effects on the shear stress and jump characteristics including energy loss, jump length and conjugate depths ratio which have been studied in this study. For this purpose, at first, model has been calibrated by using an experimental results published for trapezoidal channel of ۴۵ degree side slope, the RGN model was selected from the turbulent models, and then the model for different hydraulic conditions (Froude number between ۱.۵ to ۱۲) and two slopes of ۶۰ and ۷۵ degrees has been performed and the results have been obtained. Due to the shear stress importance, which is usually not investigated in experimental researches, in this study the distribution of bed shear stress has been calculated in all three channels side slopes, and also the hydraulic jump characteristics. The results of this study on the three side slopes show different behavior of hydraulic jumps and shear stress in trapezoidal channel of ۴۵ degree side slope, in which the asymmetry of jump is very tangible and the shear stress concentration is observed on the left side of the channel wall. Comparison of the shear stress results show a significant reduction in shear stress after jump which the maximum amount of this reduction is related to the trapezoidal channel of ۴۵ degree side slope. It was also found that by increasing the side slope the amounts of shear stress and the sequent depths ratio increase, and the amounts of energy loss and length of jump decrease.


Computational Fluid Dynamics  Hydraulic Jump  Relative Energy Loss  Shear Stress  Trapezoidal Channel  Turbulence RNG Model 

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